Individualized learning happens mostly for special education students, as called for in their Individual Education Plans. But some leading schools are starting to put these forces together to create individual plans for each student. When this happens, Universal Design for Learning (UDL) becomes important. This type of differentiated instruction allows students to learn in their preferred style, choosing from a variety of tools. Students can be visual, auditory or kinesthetic learners, or combine all these methods in a mix that works for them. A big part of UDL is text to speech. Again, this concept, having text-based materials read aloud for students, had been typically used for special education students who had trouble reading. But now, educators are finding that offering this service to all students is leading to more use than expected and higher comprehension rates. At first blush, enabling UDL and individualized instruction in schools can seem like a free-for-all that demands a different learning plan for each child. But as you come to understand each of the changes mentioned in the first post of this series, you can see that moving to this type of program is a natural outgrowth of these advances. The number of changes in the last several years have dwarfed that early progress. Apple unveiled its first iPad in April 2010, with the least expensive model costing $500. The next year Google introduced its first Chromebook, with the lowest model starting at $350 and the option of monthly payments for schools. Large one-to-one programs, such as Los Angeles Unified School District’s plan to buy 650,000 iPads for students or Richland, South Carolina’s decision to outfit 19,000 students with Chromebooks, prove that one-to-one programs continue to grow. On top of these changes, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) started to catch on in 2013, and more schools continue to encourage students to bring their own devices, allowing them to use their phones, tablets, and laptops while in class. For instance, consider Georgia’s Forsyth County Schools’ BYOD initiative. With 41,000 students, the district hosts 30,000 student-owned devices each day. [enhancing_learning]